Because people with high blood pressure generally do not have any symptoms until the disease has reached an advanced stage, hypertension is often called a “silent killer.” That is why it is important to monitor your blood pressure regularly.
The lack of symptoms is the reason why some people who know they have high blood pressure do not take steps to control and treat it. Because they feel good, they think everything is fine. But if hypertension is not treated, serious problems can develop over time.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause a stroke. Because high blood pressure causes a person’s arteries to narrow more and more, it is more difficult for blood to reach the brain. This can potentially cause clots to form in the brain, cause a blood vessel to leak into the brain, or break a blood vessel in the brain.
Kidney disease (http://www.gothypertension.com/hypertension/hypertensionandkidneyfailure) can occur if high blood pressure is not treated. If the arteries in the body become narrow due to sustained high blood pressure, reduced blood flow throughout the body can cause wastes to build up in the blood because they do not reach the kidneys often enough to flush out all of the blood products. waste. As waste builds up, it becomes increasingly difficult for the kidneys to try to get rid of the waste, putting pressure on the kidneys. This can cause the functions of the kidneys to decrease significantly or even fail completely.
If the kidneys begin to function at less than twenty percent of their capacity, dialysis treatments will usually be needed. A kidney transplant would be an option to avoid having to undergo lifelong dialysis treatments if the person is a candidate for a transplant and a kidney is available.
A person’s eye problems can also occur due to untreated high blood pressure, causing loss of vision if it becomes severe enough. High blood pressure can also lead to memory loss and dementia.
Heart problems are another serious problem that can develop if high blood pressure is not treated. The arteries of the heart can become hard and rigid due to restricted blood flow, causing a condition called arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
It is common for people with untreated hypertension to have plaque buildup in the major arteries of the heart. Plaque deposits reduce blood flow to the heart and can eventually cause a heart attack. High blood pressure narrows the arteries and blood vessels in the body. Delivering oxygen-rich blood to the heart becomes more difficult as the arteries narrow. If the heart cannot get enough oxygen, it will cause a heart attack.